The growth-promoting hormone gibberellin (GA) regulates numerous developmental processes throughout the plant life cycle. It also affects plant response to biotic and abiotic stresses. GA metabolism and signaling in tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum ) have been studied in the last three decades and major components of the pathways were characterized. These include major biosynthesis and catabolism enzymes and signaling components, such as the three GA receptors Gibberellin Intensive Dwarf1 (GID1) and Della protein Procera (PRO), the central response suppressor.
The role of these components in tomato plant development and response to the environment have been investigated. Cultivated tomato, similar to many other crop plants, are susceptible to water deficiency. Numerous studies on tomato response to drought have been conducted, including the possible role of GA in tomato drought resistance.
Most studies showed that reduced levels or activity of GA improves drought tolerance and drought avoidance. This review aims to provide an overview on GA biosynthesis and signaling in tomato, how drought affects these pathways and how changes in GA activity affect tomato plant response to water deficiency. It also presents the potential of using the GA pathway to generate drought-tolerant tomato plants with improved performance under both irrigation and water-limited conditions.
Read the complete research at www.researchgate.net.
Shohat, Hagai & Eliaz, Natanella & Weiss, David. (2021). Gibberellin in tomato: metabolism, signaling and role in drought responses. Molecular Horticulture. 1. 10.1186/s43897-021-00019-4.