Researchers develop chicory plants that contain medical compound

An international research team from KeyGene and Wageningen University & Research, both in the Netherlands, and Leibniz Institute of Plant Biochemistry in Germany, have developed chicory plants that accumulate costunolide, a plant metabolite known for its anti-cancer activity. The scientists used the genome editing technique CRISPR Cas9 to block further processing of costunolide into other plant metabolites, resulting in the accumulation of the medical compound. The team published their results in a paper in Frontiers in Plant Science.

Costunolide was first extracted from Saussurea costus, a wild plant growing in the Himalayas, which is now cultivated in India, having a low yield.

Chicory also produces costunolide, but it does not accumulate because the metabolite is, serving as an intermediate, in the taproots rapidly converted to bitter-tasting metabolites belonging to the sesquiterpene lactones. For the production of these metabolites, the step from costunolide to kauniolide is crucial. This step is established by the enzyme kauniolide synthase. The research team identified three copies of the gene that codes for this enzyme.

All three of these copies are important: only after blocking the activity of all of the three, using CRISPR/Cas9, the production of kauniolide was blocked. This resulted in an accumulation of costunolide in the taproots of the chicory plants.

Read the complete research at www.frontiersin.org.


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