Maintaining a suitable temperature level around tomatoes in the greenhouse is essential for high-quality production. However, in summer, the temperature level around the tomato is usually unclear except using a high-precision temperature imager. To solve this problem, the thermal performance of the 3D (three-dimensional) tomato model built based on SolidWorks was investigated by the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations.
To assess the effect of temperature distribution around the tomato, a simplified 3D tomato numerical model was firstly validated by a set of field measurement data. The light intensity and indoor ventilation were regarded as the main environmental factors in the Venlo greenhouse, and thermal stratification around tomatoes at different times of day was further studied. The numerical results illustrated the different temperature distribution around the tomatoes body under different radiation intensities. It was found that ventilation could obviously adjust the temperature gradient around the tomato and alleviate the high-temperature effect, particularly in summer.
Suitable ventilation could create a suitable thermal environment for tomato growth. This study clearly demonstrated 3D temperature distribution around tomatoes, which is beneficial to provide the reference for accurate detection of 3D tomato temperature and appropriate thermal environment design.
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Yu, Guanghui & Zhang, Shanhong & Li, Shuai & Zhang, Minshu & Benli, Hüseyin & Wang, Yang. (2022). Numerical Investigation for Effects of Natural Light and Ventilation on 3D Tomato Body Heat Distribution in a Venlo Greenhouse. Information Processing in Agriculture. 10.1016/j.inpa.2022.05.006.