Horticultural Lighting Conference Europe 2017

The first edition of the Horticultural Lighting Conference was held at the High Tech Campus'Conference Centre in Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
The first edition of the Horticultural Lighting Conference was held at the High Tech Campus'Conference Centre in Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
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A good turnout for a first edition.
A good turnout for a first edition.
After an introduction by chairman John Bullock, the speaker program started with an introduction to the fundamentals of LED use in crops. Anja Dieleman of Wageningen University kicked the day off with a 'crash course in applying photobiology to create a denser, healthier, greener crop of vegetables, fruit and flowers'.
After an introduction by chairman John Bullock, the speaker program started with an introduction to the fundamentals of LED use in crops. Anja Dieleman of Wageningen University kicked the day off with a 'crash course in applying photobiology to create a denser, healthier, greener crop of vegetables, fruit and flowers'.
"Carolin Horst of Osram explained the basic difference between HPS and LED. For greenhouse growing, high pressure sodium is the current major lighting source, and Horst's presentation confirmed that this will not change soon as a lot of r&d is still required to improve the current technical capacities and lifetime of LEDs. "Single LEDs do not a make a whole luminaire, you need the right power supply, drivers, cooler, optics, casing, PCB, etcetera". Nonetheless, Horst explained that LEDs do offer a lot potential advantages over HPS. This will make them a more efficient and flexible lighting source for the future."
"Carolin Horst of Osram explained the basic difference between HPS and LED. For greenhouse growing, high pressure sodium is the current major lighting source, and Horst's presentation confirmed that this will not change soon as a lot of r&d is still required to improve the current technical capacities and lifetime of LEDs. "Single LEDs do not a make a whole luminaire, you need the right power supply, drivers, cooler, optics, casing, PCB, etcetera". Nonetheless, Horst explained that LEDs do offer a lot potential advantages over HPS. This will make them a more efficient and flexible lighting source for the future."
"Stefaan Fabri of the Belgian Proefstation took a deeper dive into the comparison between HPS and LED in horticulture. He gave an extensive presentation of LED trials in glasshouse settings with a Merlice TOV tomato crop. In the trial, they compared the production of tomatoes in four different lighting settings with Lemnis Oreon LEDs; HPS SON-T 180 μMol/m2/s, HPS SON-T 217 μMol/m2/s, 257 μMol/m2/s LED interlighting and 258 μMol/m2/s LED toplight. An interesting result, aside of the higher higher productions of minimal 25% in both LED settings, was that the HPS crops showed more stress. Fabri also stressed out that a lot of research is still required and that the results are not a direct reason to immediately invest in LEDs. "LEDs will result in 30% lower electricity costs, but at the same time there is extra heat required in the form of natural gas. That is why each situation is different as the succes also depends on local cost of energy and crop type."
"Stefaan Fabri of the Belgian Proefstation took a deeper dive into the comparison between HPS and LED in horticulture. He gave an extensive presentation of LED trials in glasshouse settings with a Merlice TOV tomato crop. In the trial, they compared the production of tomatoes in four different lighting settings with Lemnis Oreon LEDs; HPS SON-T 180 μMol/m2/s, HPS SON-T 217 μMol/m2/s, 257 μMol/m2/s LED interlighting and 258 μMol/m2/s LED toplight. An interesting result, aside of the higher higher productions of minimal 25% in both LED settings, was that the HPS crops showed more stress. Fabri also stressed out that a lot of research is still required and that the results are not a direct reason to immediately invest in LEDs. "LEDs will result in 30% lower electricity costs, but at the same time there is extra heat required in the form of natural gas. That is why each situation is different as the succes also depends on local cost of energy and crop type."
Isabel VandeVelde showed that the roi in lettuce is completely different. In her trials 3% more natural gas was required to maintain the same temperature inside the greenhouse as in the comparison HPS greenhouse. Vandevelde showed results of 4 years of trials with use of Philips Greenpower LED Toplights on salatrio lettuce types grown on a mobile gulley system. Some reuslts: Aside of higher root weight and more color with LEDs, the crops are more compact, which creates a quality advantage. Lollo Rossa lettuce grows faster and showed better color under LEDs. Less tipburn in Red Oakleaf lettuce with LEDs.
Isabel VandeVelde showed that the roi in lettuce is completely different. In her trials 3% more natural gas was required to maintain the same temperature inside the greenhouse as in the comparison HPS greenhouse. Vandevelde showed results of 4 years of trials with use of Philips Greenpower LED Toplights on salatrio lettuce types grown on a mobile gulley system. Some reuslts: Aside of higher root weight and more color with LEDs, the crops are more compact, which creates a quality advantage. Lollo Rossa lettuce grows faster and showed better color under LEDs. Less tipburn in Red Oakleaf lettuce with LEDs.
A Q&A panel discussion provided room for interesting topics such as influence of LEDs on nutrients and taste of produce.
A Q&A panel discussion provided room for interesting topics such as influence of LEDs on nutrients and taste of produce.
Robert de Jonge, Luminus
Robert de Jonge, Luminus
Peter Dutrieux, Tuev Sued
Peter Dutrieux, Tuev Sued
Mark Bigwood and Calvin Caunter of Vision Accendo
Mark Bigwood and Calvin Caunter of Vision Accendo
Matthias Mueller and Patric A. Meier, Quazhar Lightning Company
Matthias Mueller and Patric A. Meier, Quazhar Lightning Company
Phillip Davies of Stockbridge Technology Centre has gained a lot of knowledge and experience on LEDs research in horticulture. STC has two impressive LED research facilities from which a lot of knowledge has been gathered over the last few years.
Phillip Davies of Stockbridge Technology Centre has gained a lot of knowledge and experience on LEDs research in horticulture. STC has two impressive LED research facilities from which a lot of knowledge has been gathered over the last few years.
"Davies showed how LED spectra can modify the morphological and chemical characteristics of plants, enabling growers to extract greater value from crop production. But he also explained that you can screw things up if you dot know what your are doing. " If you get the lighting wrong, you make things worse. More light is not always better for example. More light means more growth but also means more cost and does not always give a better result."
"Davies showed how LED spectra can modify the morphological and chemical characteristics of plants, enabling growers to extract greater value from crop production. But he also explained that you can screw things up if you dot know what your are doing. " If you get the lighting wrong, you make things worse. More light is not always better for example. More light means more growth but also means more cost and does not always give a better result."
"Davies showed how difficult it is to determine the right lighting strategies for several crops. Bell pepper plants for example, the holy grail for year round LED lit production to many commercial greenhouse growers, are very difficult to grow with supplemental lights. As well as this he explained the effect of blue and red ratios in several crops and the effect of far red in cucumber young plants, and how to translate all this knowledge to practice. He stressed out that in this process, it is important to look at more factors than just lighting. "Do not ignore other things like CO2, media, temperature, its about the complete picture, and not just the light factor."
"Davies showed how difficult it is to determine the right lighting strategies for several crops. Bell pepper plants for example, the holy grail for year round LED lit production to many commercial greenhouse growers, are very difficult to grow with supplemental lights. As well as this he explained the effect of blue and red ratios in several crops and the effect of far red in cucumber young plants, and how to translate all this knowledge to practice. He stressed out that in this process, it is important to look at more factors than just lighting. "Do not ignore other things like CO2, media, temperature, its about the complete picture, and not just the light factor."
In this Q&A panel an interesting discussion on the use of parameters and metrics in plant lighting was created between the audience, researcher Phillip Davies and Dale Needham of Fourthwall and Viktor Zseller of Arrow, two manufacturers of LED lighting solutions and designs.
In this Q&A panel an interesting discussion on the use of parameters and metrics in plant lighting was created between the audience, researcher Phillip Davies and Dale Needham of Fourthwall and Viktor Zseller of Arrow, two manufacturers of LED lighting solutions and designs.
Mark Muilwijk and David White, Arrow Europe
Mark Muilwijk and David White, Arrow Europe
Daniel Franke and Kai Klimkiewics, Cree. Cree sponsored lunch and coffee breaks during this conference.
Daniel Franke and Kai Klimkiewics, Cree. Cree sponsored lunch and coffee breaks during this conference.
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Rob Wessels (Bakker Barendrecht), Twan Wijnen (Wijnen Square Crops) and Thijs Gipmans (Gipmans Planten)
Rob Wessels (Bakker Barendrecht), Twan Wijnen (Wijnen Square Crops) and Thijs Gipmans (Gipmans Planten)
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The food was really good!
The food was really good!
Peter Conijn (Enza Zaden) and Marco Snikkers (Ocean Optics)
Peter Conijn (Enza Zaden) and Marco Snikkers (Ocean Optics)
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Huub Borel and Erwin Dolmans - RENA Electronica
Huub Borel and Erwin Dolmans - RENA Electronica
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Udo van Slooten (Philips) and Jasper den Besten (HAS Den Bosch)
Udo van Slooten (Philips) and Jasper den Besten (HAS Den Bosch)
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After a networking lunch in the exhibition hall, it was time for Joris Van Lommel of the Belgian Proefstation to shine his light on the use of different LED spectra in hydroponic greenhouse lettuce. Interesting facts; more tipburn as a result of a wide spectra. More light results in heavier crop, but also increases risks for tipburn. More light also requires a higher investment and does not always increases production throughout the entire season. Therefore ROI should also be determined on market situation, choice of variety and the production season; in March there are less benefits from LEDs than during the winter time, so use this in your calculations.
After a networking lunch in the exhibition hall, it was time for Joris Van Lommel of the Belgian Proefstation to shine his light on the use of different LED spectra in hydroponic greenhouse lettuce. Interesting facts; more tipburn as a result of a wide spectra. More light results in heavier crop, but also increases risks for tipburn. More light also requires a higher investment and does not always increases production throughout the entire season. Therefore ROI should also be determined on market situation, choice of variety and the production season; in March there are less benefits from LEDs than during the winter time, so use this in your calculations.
More interesting results came from Liesbet van Herck's research on the use of LEDs in greenhouse bell pepper crops at the Belgian Proefstation. Her results showed that bell peppers are very difficult to grow under LED light and that the choice variety plays a crucial role. In her trials, four out of the five varieties gave a lower production when grown under LEDs. Only the Kaite variety was able to deliver 27% more production. This is due to the fact that a lot bell pepper varieties have not enough vigour to pull through the season, as they loose a lot power in the beginning of the lighting period. In the beginning of the crop, there was more production, but this decreased along the season.
More interesting results came from Liesbet van Herck's research on the use of LEDs in greenhouse bell pepper crops at the Belgian Proefstation. Her results showed that bell peppers are very difficult to grow under LED light and that the choice variety plays a crucial role. In her trials, four out of the five varieties gave a lower production when grown under LEDs. Only the Kaite variety was able to deliver 27% more production. This is due to the fact that a lot bell pepper varieties have not enough vigour to pull through the season, as they loose a lot power in the beginning of the lighting period. In the beginning of the crop, there was more production, but this decreased along the season.
"Belgian tomato grower Marja van Dessel of Den Boschkant was so kind to share her experience with the implementation of LEDs at their large scale commercial greenhouse operations. She explained that is was not an easy decision to invest in the technology and that they had many doubt when they planned for an expansion with LEDs. Nonetheless she confirmed that they signed a contract for another installation of the third generation of Philips lights. She stressed out the importance of translating all of the research knowledge into practice. "In research studies they have grown 100 kgs of tomatoes with LEDs. But those where very big, ugly, tasteless tomatoes of a very bad quality. This is not how it works in practice. We need to collaborate more with researchers to discuss more practical application of new technology to prevent these kind of situations."
"Belgian tomato grower Marja van Dessel of Den Boschkant was so kind to share her experience with the implementation of LEDs at their large scale commercial greenhouse operations. She explained that is was not an easy decision to invest in the technology and that they had many doubt when they planned for an expansion with LEDs. Nonetheless she confirmed that they signed a contract for another installation of the third generation of Philips lights. She stressed out the importance of translating all of the research knowledge into practice. "In research studies they have grown 100 kgs of tomatoes with LEDs. But those where very big, ugly, tasteless tomatoes of a very bad quality. This is not how it works in practice. We need to collaborate more with researchers to discuss more practical application of new technology to prevent these kind of situations."
Dr Jaimin S. Patel of the Lighting Research Center (LRC) at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute spoke about the role that light can play in the control of plant diseases and pathogens. He took a deeper dive into the use of UV-B and UV-C for pathogen control and the effect of short and longer exposure to them. Quick fact:An UV-B led does not offer the same output as an UV B Fluorescent light, so a lot of R&D still needs to be done in order to use LED technology for plant pathogen control applications, as the current designs are not sufficient enough.
Dr Jaimin S. Patel of the Lighting Research Center (LRC) at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute spoke about the role that light can play in the control of plant diseases and pathogens. He took a deeper dive into the use of UV-B and UV-C for pathogen control and the effect of short and longer exposure to them. Quick fact:An UV-B led does not offer the same output as an UV B Fluorescent light, so a lot of R&D still needs to be done in order to use LED technology for plant pathogen control applications, as the current designs are not sufficient enough.
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Fernando Troko, Ibren Feijen and Edward Hardy(Fec Energy)
Fernando Troko, Ibren Feijen and Edward Hardy(Fec Energy)
Ed Rosenthal (Quick Trading) and Theo Tekstra (Gavita)
Ed Rosenthal (Quick Trading) and Theo Tekstra (Gavita)
Giorgio Allasia (Gruppo Fos) and Luigi d'Aquino (Enea).
Giorgio Allasia (Gruppo Fos) and Luigi d'Aquino (Enea).
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Akira Tawarada (Nichia) and Yoshihide Nakazawa (Citizen)
Akira Tawarada (Nichia) and Yoshihide Nakazawa (Citizen)
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Mikolaj Pryzbyla of GL Optic presents the optic spectrometer
Mikolaj Pryzbyla of GL Optic presents the optic spectrometer
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Paul Scheidt of Cree
Paul Scheidt of Cree
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Martijn Knop, EBV Elektronic
Martijn Knop, EBV Elektronic
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The day was rounded of with a look into the future of vertical farming with an introduction by Christine Zimmermann-Loessl, founder of the Association for Vertical Farming. Zimmermann-Loessl provided insight into the world of city farms, urban community farming and how vertical farms can contribute to a more circular economy. If you want to learn more about vertical farming, you are invited for the AVF's annual summit, held this year in Washington on September 22.
The day was rounded of with a look into the future of vertical farming with an introduction by Christine Zimmermann-Loessl, founder of the Association for Vertical Farming. Zimmermann-Loessl provided insight into the world of city farms, urban community farming and how vertical farms can contribute to a more circular economy. If you want to learn more about vertical farming, you are invited for the AVF's annual summit, held this year in Washington on September 22.
Zimmermann-Loessl provided insight into the world of city farms, urban community farming and how vertical farms can contribute to a more circular economy. If you want to learn more about vertical farming, you are invited for the AVF's annual summit, held this year in Washington of September 22.
Zimmermann-Loessl provided insight into the world of city farms, urban community farming and how vertical farms can contribute to a more circular economy. If you want to learn more about vertical farming, you are invited for the AVF's annual summit, held this year in Washington of September 22.
Zimmermann Loessl was pleased to introduce Jasper den Besten of HAS hogeschool. Den Besten has conducted a lot of research on the commercial application of vertical farming and shared his vision on the potential of this industry by the hand of real world installations that are currently in production. He explained, that while a very interesting industry with a great potential, don't stare yourself blind at vertical farming as many parameters will determine the succes.
Zimmermann Loessl was pleased to introduce Jasper den Besten of HAS hogeschool. Den Besten has conducted a lot of research on the commercial application of vertical farming and shared his vision on the potential of this industry by the hand of real world installations that are currently in production. He explained, that while a very interesting industry with a great potential, don't stare yourself blind at vertical farming as many parameters will determine the succes.
Den Besten made a comparison between vertical farming and greenhouses growing; The investment in a vertical farm is 4-10 times the investment of a greenhouse. Also operational costs are high and the exploitation costs are estimated to be five times higher than a greenhouse. The productioncosts of a head of lettuce is two times higher than the cost for a field grown head of lettuce.
Den Besten made a comparison between vertical farming and greenhouses growing; The investment in a vertical farm is 4-10 times the investment of a greenhouse. Also operational costs are high and the exploitation costs are estimated to be five times higher than a greenhouse. The productioncosts of a head of lettuce is two times higher than the cost for a field grown head of lettuce.
A last panel discussion before the drinks reception.....
A last panel discussion before the drinks reception.....

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