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An optimized protocol for comprehensive evaluations of salt tolerance in crop germplasm accessions: a case study of tomato

The comprehensive evaluation of crop germplasm serves to scientifically and objectively assess the quality of different genetic accessions against certain standards. Here, we propose an optimized approach to enhance the result's stability when assessing salt tolerance in crop germplasm. This protocol was applied to a case study involving 249 tomato genotypes, systematically refining the processes involved in constructing an evaluation index system, data preprocessing, statistical method selection, and weight calculation.

The optimization process reduced the system variance of salt tolerance evaluation results and achieved an 85.42% concordance with a classical approach across a tomato population covering 241 genotypes, suggesting the improved stability and high accuracy of the optimized protocol. Moreover, an 83.82% consistency rate between pre- and post-optimization results also suggested the high accuracy of the optimized protocol. The enhanced stability was further confirmed by a secondary validation on a subpopulation (covering 39 genotypes), which demonstrated a consistency rate of 83.87% between the two populations. The study identified 8.43% of the evaluated germplasm as salt-tolerant accessions, providing valuable parental materials for breeding programs.

The findings underscore the potential of our protocol for the precise identification of stress-resistant germplasm, contributing to the development of stress-tolerant crop varieties.

Chen, Zheng, Xin Li, Rong Zhou, Enmei Hu, Xianghan Peng, Fangling Jiang, and Zhen Wu. 2024. "An Optimized Protocol for Comprehensive Evaluations of Salt Tolerance in Crop Germplasm Accessions: A Case Study of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.)" Agronomy 14, no. 4: 842.

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