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Research on control strategy of light and CO2 in blueberry greenhouse based on coordinated optimization model

As essential environmental parameters in the greenhouse, appropriate light and CO2 will improve agricultural productivity and quality. Although many related studies have been carried out on the intelligent regulation of these environmental factors, the regulation of light and CO2 is usually controlled separately, and energy consumption is rarely considered. This paper proposed a coordinated control strategy for greenhouse light and CO2 based on the multi-objective optimization model.

Firstly, the experiments on the net photosynthetic rate of blueberry under different temperatures, photon flux density, and CO2 concentration nesting were carried out to establish a blueberry net photosynthetic rate prediction model based on Support Vector Regression (SVR). Secondly, a model for calculating the energy cost of both light and CO2 was constructed. Thirdly, taking the maximum net photosynthetic rate and the minimum energy cost as the objective functions, the Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA-II) was leveraged to obtain the Pareto optimal solutions of the target regulation values of light and CO2 concentration in different temperature ranges.

Then, the optimal values were selected based on two different strategies. Finally, the multi-objective optimal control strategy proposed in this paper was compared with both the classical threshold control strategy and the Gaussian curvature maximization control strategy. The results indicated that the strategy which prioritized energy saving could reduce the energy cost by about 22.33% and 19.08%, respectively, under the premise that the net photosynthetic rate was consistent. Meanwhile, the strategy that prioritized production efficiency could increase the net photosynthetic rate by about 8.40% and 4.42%, respectively, with the same energy cost. In conclusion, the proposed multi-objective optimization control can improve the greenhouse climate control performance and reduce cost compared with other mentioned strategies.

Read the complete research at

Wen, Xinyu & Xu, Lihong & Wei, Ruihua. (2022). Research on Control Strategy of Light and CO2 in Blueberry Greenhouse Based on Coordinated Optimization Model. Agronomy. 12. 2988. 10.3390/agronomy12122988. 


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