Humic acids are a biostimulant that has captured the interest of blueberry growers, but information about humic acid use in blueberries is scarce. Blueberry plants suffer water deficit stress during transplant and photosynthetic limitations during fruit development. This research hypothesized that humic acid applications improve transplant success and increase fruit yield and quality in southern highbush blueberry (SHB, Vaccinium corymbosum interspecific hybrids) grown in soilless substrates.
The team tested these hypotheses in two greenhouse experiments. First, we grew 'Sweetcrisp' SHB in rhizoboxes. Humic acids were applied via drench at concentrations of 0 mL⋅L − 1, 7 mL⋅L − 1, 13 mL⋅L − 1, and 24 mL⋅L − 1 for ten weeks. Humic acid application increased substrate respiration rates, pH, and electrical conductivity, but they did not increase root growth or improve transplant success. In a separate experiment, one-year-old plants of 'Avanti,' FL 09-311, and FL 06-19 SHB plants in 1.7 L pots were treated with 0 mL⋅L − 1, 13 mL⋅L − 1, and 24 mL⋅L − 1 humic acid during the fruit development period.
Humic acid application did not increase yields and occasionally reduced fruit quality. While plant responses were genotype-specific, these results suggest that humic acid applications are not beneficial during the transplant or fruit development periods in substrate-grown blueberries.
Read the complete research at www.researchgate.net.
Nunez, Gerardo & Buzzi, Giancarlo & Heller, Cecilia. (2023). Southern highbush blueberry responses to humic acid application in soilless substrates. Scientia Horticulturae. 308. 10.1016/j.scienta.2022.111541.