The iodine (I) and selenium (Se) deficiencies affect approximately 30% and 15%, respectively, of the global population. The biofortification of vegetables is a valid way to increase the intake of iodine and selenium through the diet. This study was carried out on baby-leaf lettuce to investigate the effects on plant growth, leaf quality, and leaf I and Se accumulation of adding potassium iodide and sodium selenate, separately and simultaneously, to the nutrient solution in a floating system and aeroponics.

The effect of I and Se biofortification on post-harvest quality of lettuce leaves were also evaluated. The results evidenced that the Se and I treatments increased the content of the two microelements in lettuce leaves without any negative interactions in the plants when applied either separately or simultaneously. Both hydroponic systems proved to be suitable for producing Se and/or I enriched lettuce.

Biofortification with Se was more effective when performed in aeroponics, whereas I biofortification was more effective in the floating system. The quality of leaves during post-harvest storage was not affected by either of the treatments. Lettuce leaves enriched with 13 µM Se and 5 µMI could be good dietary sources of Se and I without inducing toxic effects in humans

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Puccinelli, M.; Malorgio, F.; Incrocci, L.; Rosellini, I.; Pezzarossa, B. Effects of Individual and Simultaneous Selenium and Iodine Biofortification of Baby-Leaf Lettuce Plants Grown in Two Different Hydroponic Systems. Horticulturae 2021, 7, 590.