Growing cucumbers with circular fertilizers

In recent years, the Research & Development department of the Van der Knaap Group has been doing research into circular fertilizers. This has resulted in the development of a bioreactor that produces an organic nutrient solution. Input for this process consists of residual proteins and amino acids, which bacteria convert into nitrate nitrogen.

This sustainable cultivation system enables organic cultivation, separately from the soil. New research is focused on developing a fertilizer that is rich in calcium and potassium nitrate, made from animal manure.

Circular fertilizer
Karel de Bruijn, Director of Sustainable Growing Systems, was convinced that the bio-reactor could be used for other applications too: “Our organic water system (OWS), gives us a great in-house process that can handle multiple raw material flows. We already had that technology.”

The frenzy surrounding nitrogen emissions and manure surpluses in the livestock industry gave De Bruijn a few ideas. “We took up the challenge to turn slurry into a useful product for horticulture. It worked out really well. We have developed a high-quality, circular, and organic fertilizer that mainly consists of calcium and potassium nitrate.” The produced nutrient solution can be applied in substrate cultivation.

Field trials
In order to test the fertilizer with circularly produced calcium and potassium nitrate in practice, two cucumber trials were successively performed last year with the circular fertilizer. The tests took place in our own innovation center ‘de Kas’ on a surface area of 125 m2. Wageningen University & Research BU Glastuinbouw (Greenhouse Horticulture) was involved in the research as an objective party. During the trials, the nutrient solution with the circular fertilizer was compared with a mineral fertilizer that is commonly used for cucumber cultivation.

Cultivation was carried out in spring and autumn, both on coco substrate. The aim of the trial was to develop a fertilizer that achieves similar results as conventional fertilizer in terms of crop development and production. The main raw material of the circular fertilizer, pig manure, contains a considerable amount of sodium. Therefore, the sodium content of the mineral fertilizer was set at the same level as the circular fertilizer, to allow for objective comparison. This was important, because the sodium level may affect the absorption of other nutrients.

Conclusions
The results of the spring and autumn cultivation show no differences in production between the circular and the mineral fertilizer. The results were virtually the same in terms of yield and fruit quality, as well as height growth and leaf surface area. The uptake of nutrients by the crop showed no difference either between the circular and the mineral fertilizer. The availability of nutrients for the plant was the same for both fertilizers. The higher sodium content of the circular fertilizer is a point of concern. We are working hard to fix this.

For more information:
Van der Knaap
www.vanderknaap.info


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