Mapping greenhouses to estimate yields in China

To estimate vegetable yields, greenhouse mapping using high spatial resolution (HSR) remote sensing imagery is very important. Although automatic greenhouse mapping methods have been proposed, they are often applied in limited small-scale areas (i.e. a parcel, a city, or a province).

Large-scale greenhouse mapping (i.e. national-scale) faces the diversity of greenhouses in different areas, the difficulty of the simultaneous extraction of the number and area of greenhouses, and the dense spatial distribution of greenhouses. In this paper, to solve the problem of large-scale greenhouse mapping, a novel data-driven deep learning framework is proposed, which the team refers to as the dense object dual-task deep learning (DELTA) framework. The dual-task learning module simultaneously extracts the number and area of greenhouses by adopting a greenhouse area extraction branch and a greenhouse number extraction branch. A high-density-biased sampler module is proposed to select more samples in areas with dense distribution so that the trained model is more effective at dense greenhouse extraction.

Six regions in China were selected for evaluation, which obtained a performance increment of 1.8% in mean average precision (mAP) when compared with Faster R-CNN. Finally, the whole of China was taken as the research area, and remote sensing image tiles at a 1-m spatial resolution from all over China were obtained. All the images were captured by different sensors and downloaded from open-source sites or purchased. The experimental results indicate that more than 13 million greenhouses were extracted in China.

Read the complete research at

Ma, Ailong & Chen, Dingyuan & Zhong, Yanfei & Zheng, Zhuo & Zhang, Liangpei. (2021). National-scale greenhouse mapping for high spatial resolution remote sensing imagery using a dense object dual-task deep learning framework: A case study of China. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. 181. 279-294. 10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2021.08.024. 

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