India is the fifth largest producer of tomato accounting for 6.0% of the world production. The major growing states are Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) considered as "poor man's orange" and universally treated as "Protective Foods". In a recently published article in the book Protected Cultivation and Smart Agriculture, it is concluded that the protected growing of tomatoes offers opportunities for growers into securing a more stable income.
The main strategy of protected cultivation involves enhancing the socio-economic characteristics of the farmers and to generate a higher income, employment and a decent standard of living to the small and marginal framers of the state also to promote off-season cultivation.
The recent studies revealed that protected cultivation has surely a great significant impact in enhancing the crop productivity and also more in quality and quantity in 3 times than the open condition. It also helps in creating the employment generation to many people. The study also observed less income variability of polyhouse growers in comparison to the open-field growers and therefore, it can be concluded that the risk in polyhouse income was low, having a positive effect in the stability of income generated by the polyhouse growers in the study area. Therefore, it can be concluded that the protected cultivation has a significantly positive impact in improving the quality and in giving profitable income to the farmers.
Jena, Chinmaya & Divya, Vani. (2020). Cultivation Technology of Tomato in Greenhouse. 10.30954/NDP-PCSA.2020.12.