The climate changes due to global warming are already visible in Russia. Temperatures above 35 degrees Celsius in the middle of the country are becoming common in summer. This is one of the determining factors in the selection of greenhouse constructions by the FITO and Greenhouse Technology. For the construction of greenhouses, they choose KUBO, from the Netherlands that uses Ultra Clima technology.
These greenhouses, called ‘fifth generation greenhouses’ differ significantly from traditional ones, and provide the agronomist with a toolkit for creating an optimal microclimate in the greenhouse, regardless of the season.
The automation and microclimate control algorithm of these greenhouses is significantly different from traditional ones, since the principle of creating a microclimate is ‘turned upside down’ and control mechanisms perform completely different functions. For example, the vents are not elements for cooling the greenhouse, they relieve excess pressure.
Automating the ‘fifth generation greenhouses’ was done by Russian company Lis-Agro. Together with specialists from KUBO, unique technical solutions and control algorithms were developed in a short time. Dozens of sensors that weren’t previously used in greenhouses were installed into the system.
They also solved the issues related to the automation of irrigation and plant feeding, the control of the boiler equipment and CO2 supply, and the management of the nursery. All the data from the microclimate, irrigation and other processes is available for an operator at a central control panel.
In seven years, they have built over 220 hectares of greenhouses with the Ultra Clima technology. The following yields were obtained, in tomato 103 kg/m2 and in cucumber 205 kg/m2.