- Grower and Project Planner Vertical Farming - Aarhus - Denmark
- Financieel Administratief medewerk(st)er
- Territory Manager - Brazil/South America
- Senior Product Coordinator Beans
- Sales manager
- Head of Sales
- Medewerker Productmanagement
- Sales Manager - Germany
- Associate Director International Procurement: Produce - Berlin
- International Procurement Manager - Berlin
Top 5 -yesterday
Top 5 -last week
- Whitefly prevention with liquid nutritional plant enhancer
- Derek Hargreaves ‘A Remarkable Man’
- "The number of high-tech greenhouses in Poland has grown significantly in recent years"
- CAN (ON): “We are moving into the strawberry category as a united front"
- "We can produce up to 2.5 times more from the same acreage"
Top 5 -last month
- "The container is essential to determine the quality of the plant"
- Finland: 11.000m2 hybrid vertical farm constructed near Helsinki
- Here are last year's best read articles: vertical farming, strawberries and sustainable initiatives
- “I have to throw away my crops because of energy prices”
- "In a decade, only a handful of greenhouse companies will survive"
High tunnels boost yield, along with plant-damaging insects
High tunnels, also known as hoop houses, consist of stretched plastic over large metal frames which trap solar radiation warming the environment within. In temperate environments, they protect plants from the cold, allowing earlier plantings and later harvests of fruits, vegetables and flowers. Ricky Foster, a Purdue professor of entomology, said it has long been thought that the enclosed nature of high tunnels kept insects from getting into the structure and causing much damage to plants inside, so he decided to test the theory.
Researchers saw significant increases in the number of tomato hornworms (pictured here) in high tunnels. The pests caused severe damage to tomato plants. (Photo by Sarah Thompson).
“Our data clearly show that is not true,” said Foster, whose results were published in the journal Pest Management Science.
Foster and collaborators tested plants from three different plant families and the pests that are most often associated with those crops - tomatoes and hornworms; broccoli and the cabbage looper, imported cabbageworm and diamondback moth; and cucumber and the cucumber beetle. Over two years, the researchers found increased presence of the pests in high tunnels when compared with adjacent open field plots.
The situation with tomatoes was especially surprising, Foster said.
Predators like the lady beetle are important components of vegetable production systems. Purdue researcher Laura Ingwell is working to find the right size insect exclusion screen to keep pests out but allow predators in. (Photo by John Obermeyer)
“In field situations, hornworms are kind of an anomaly. They’re there, but not in great numbers. We found that in high tunnels, they just exploded,” Foster said. “There was just nothing green left on the plants. There were just stems hanging on them.”
While the study didn’t determine how insects are getting to plants, Foster thinks there is a simple explanation.
During warm days, the sides of high tunnels must be rolled up to keep temperatures from reaching 120 degrees or more. That gives insects access to plants. When those insects leave plants they’ve fed on, they are known to usually fly straight up. In a high tunnel system, those insects hit the top of the tunnel and are trapped. Foster believes trapped insects, in addition to daily newcomers, increase the insect pressure in the tunnels.
“We have to ventilate the tunnels by rolling up the sides, and that basically opens it up for any type of insect that wants to come in,” Foster said.
Laura Ingwell, a postdoctoral researcher at Purdue, is working to solve the problem. She has evaluated the use of insect exclusion screens to cover the ventilation openings in high tunnels. The trick is to exclude pests without interfering with necessary ventilation and movement of natural enemies into the tunnels. To achieve this goal, Ingwell has evaluated three different screens with varying pore size.
Ingwell is also testing the benefits of adding flowers to the rows of produce under high tunnels. She has seen increases in beneficial natural enemies when zinnia and gomphrena, which growers could sell, were incorporated into tomato and cucumber production systems.
“We saw a higher diversity and abundance of predators and less pest outbreaks on the focal produce crops,” Ingwell said. “The flowers offer alternative food for a lot of the beneficial insects. They’ll feed on the pest insects, but they also need pollen and nectar for their diets.”
With the award of a USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative-Education and Literacy Initiation fellowship, Ingwell will continue to research testing screen sizes and other methods for reducing pest pressures in high tunnels.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture funded Foster and Ingwell’s research.
Source: Purdue University (Brian Wallheimer)
Receive the daily newsletter in your email for free | Click here
Other news in this sector:
- 2022-01-21 Whitefly prevention with liquid nutritional plant enhancer
- 2022-01-18 US (CA): Devastating virus challenges lettuce growers
- 2022-01-18 India: chilli farmers face threats from invasive pests and demand appropriate tech
- 2022-01-17 Report: German rules on crop protection have major shortcomings
- 2022-01-17 "Paving the way for breeding ToLCV-resistant hybrids"
- 2022-01-12 Controlling greenhouse pests with biological agents in winter
- 2022-01-12 Device sniffs out the "smell-fingerprints" of pestered plants
- 2022-01-11 Spanish Orius-System performance improved with new biodegradable packaging
- 2022-01-07 "Greenhouse sector always on the lookout for alternatives to chemical crop protection"
- 2022-01-05 Restructuring and new managing director at the Andermatt Group
- 2022-01-05 Belgian start-up helps tomato growers protect crops
- 2022-01-05 Improved strategy for thrips control in peppers
- 2022-01-05 Research shows a more environmentally friendly way to control strawberry pests
- 2022-01-03 UV-C study now includes strawberry propagation and other pests
- 2022-01-03 "Heating completely kills virus in water"
- 2021-12-23 Australia: New robot traps pests for 80kms
- 2021-12-23 "Beware the thrips double trouble in bell peppers"
- 2021-12-21 Maximizing the effective life of plant protection products
- 2021-12-21 Recommendations to prevent the New Delhi virus in zucchini with biological control
- 2021-12-20 "Implementing control against greenhouse whitefly in strawberry crops still certainly effective"