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Canadian food prices dropped for first time in years

Statistics Canada has reported that food prices dropped in nearly every province in August, for the first time in years. One expert says it could be the start of “significant ongoing deflation in food aisles across the country.”

Sylvain Charlebois, dean of the faculty of management at Dalhousie University in Halifax, says that while shoppers may be “delighted” to see cheaper meat and produce, the numbers released in August suggest “a significant challenge for the food industry moving forward.”

Although the latest consumer price index data shows that, year over year, food prices were up 1.1 per cent in August, the food index dropped by 0.6 per cent from July. 

“We’ve seen prices of much more volatile products decrease significantly, including fruits and vegetables,” Charlebois tells “I think we’ve gotten over that cauliflower crisis for good.”

Early this year, some Canadians were paying as much as $8 for a head of cauliflower as produce prices increased. The latest data shows modest decreases in average prices of many staple food items from July to August, including:
$16.53 for a kilogram of stewing beef (-$0.39)
$2.99 for 675 grams of bread (-$0.03)
$2.22 for a kilogram of carrots (-$0.24)

Those specific price drops may not seem that significant, but Charlebois says he and other observers expect a continued decline in food prices across Canada, likely for the next six months or so.

Prices of food items purchased in stores recorded their smallest year-over-year gain since June 2010 and the fresh fruit index posted its first decline since December 2013. 

Charlebois attributes the phenomenon to excess inventories for many food products and “a more competitive food distribution landscape.”

He also notes that the Canadian dollar has held steady over the last few months, which is also keeping the prices of fruits and vegetables lower.

Charlebois says he was surprised to see that food prices dropped in every province except Alberta. He’s not sure why, but suspects that retailers are “playing defence” in the economically troubled province, where unemployment rates and operational costs are rising, while the government plans to raise the minimum wage to $15 per hour
While most Canadians will be happy to see lower grocery bills, the drop in prices is “troublesome” for the food industry, Charlebois says.

“It does create significant headwinds for the industry because you want to grow your top line, you want to grow your revenues and you want to make sure that you are profitable, but if prices are dropping…then the proverbial pie will shrink and you may actually see some players disappear.”

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