New discovery in overcoming ToBRFV

A new tobamovirus named tomato brown rugose fruit virus (ToBRFV) overcomes the effect of the Tm-1, Tm-2, and Tm-2 2 resistance genes introgressed from wild Solanum species into cultivated tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum ). Here, we report the isolation and molecular characterization of a spontaneous mutant of ToBRFV that breaks resistance in an unknown genetic background, demonstrated recently in Solanum habrochaites and Solanum peruvianum.

The wild isolate ToBRFV-Tom2-Jo and the mutant ToBRFV-Tom2M-Jo were fully sequenced and compared to each other and to other ToBRFV sequences available in the NCBI GenBank database. Sequence analysis revealed five nucleotide substitutions in the ToBRFV-Tom2M-Jo genome compared to ToBRFV-Tom2-Jo. Two substitutions were located in the movement protein (MP) gene and resulted in amino acid changes in the 30-kDa MP (Phe22 → Asn and Tyr82 → Lys).

These substitutions were not present in any of the previously described ToBRFV isolates. No amino acid changes were found in the 126-kDa and 183-kDa replicase proteins or the 17.5-kDa coat protein. Our data strongly suggest that breaking the newly discovered resistance in wild tomatoes is associated with one or two mutations on the MP gene of ToBRFV.

Read the complete research at

Jewehan, Ahmad & Kiemo, Francis & Salem, Nida & Tóth, Zoltán & Salamon, Pál & Szabo, Zoltan. (2022). Isolation and molecular characterization of a tomato brown rugose fruit virus mutant breaking the tobamovirus resistance found in wild Solanum species. Archives of Virology. 10.1007/s00705-022-05438-2. 

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