A rapid detection method for fungal spores from greenhouse crops

The detection and control of fungal spores in greenhouse crops are important for stabilizing and increasing crop yield. At present, the detection of fungal spores mainly adopts the method of combining portable volumetric spore traps and microscope image processing. This method is problematic as it is limited by the small field of view of the microscope and has low efficiency. This study proposes a rapid detection method for fungal spores from greenhouse crops based on CMOS image sensors and diffraction fingerprint feature processing.

The research team built a diffraction fingerprint image acquisition system for fungal spores of greenhouse crops and collected diffraction fingerprint images of three kinds of fungal spores. A total of 13 diffraction fingerprint features were selected for the classification of fungal spores. These 13 characteristic values were divided into three categories, main bright fringe, main dark fringe, and center fringe. Then, these three features were calculated to obtain the Peak to Center ratio (PCR), Valley to Center ratio, and Peak to Valley ratio (PVR). Based on these features, logistics regression (LR), K nearest neighbor (KNN), random forest (RF), and support vector machine (SVM) classification models were built. The test results show that the SVM model has a better overall classification performance than the LR, KNN, and RF models.

The average accuracy rate of the recognition of three kinds of fungal spores from greenhouse crops under the SVM model was 92.72%, while the accuracy rates of the LR, KNN, and RF models were 84.97%, 87.44%, and 88.72%, respectively. The F1-Score value of the SVM model was higher, and the overall average value reached 89.41%, which was 11.12%, 7.18%, and 5.57% higher than the LR, KNN, and RF models, respectively. Therefore, the method proposed in this study can be used for the remote identification of three fungal spores, which can provide a reference for the identification of fungal spores in greenhouse crops and has the advantages of low cost and portability.

Read the complete research at www.researchgate.net.

Wang, Yafei & Mao, Hanping & Xu, Guilin & Zhang, Xiaodong & Zhang, Yakun. (2022). A Rapid Detection Method for Fungal Spores from Greenhouse Crops Based on CMOS Image Sensors and Diffraction Fingerprint Feature Processing. Journal of Fungi. 8. 374. 10.3390/jof8040374. 

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