Valuation of climate performance of a low-tech greenhouse in Costa Rica

The expansion of protected agriculture has technological, climatic, and topographic limitations. The agricultural regions of Costa Rica use the greenhouse concept and adapt it to its conditions. The objective of this work was to describe the variation in temperature and humidity in a greenhouse ventilated passively and on land with a more than 45% slope.

To evaluate the environment inside the greenhouse, temperature and humidity variations were measured with a weather station installed outside of the greenhouse to measure the external environment. Inside the greenhouse, 17 sensors were placed to measure the temperature (T) and relative humidity (RH). During data recording inside the greenhouse, tomato crops were in the fruit formation stage, and pepper was less than one week old.

Six scenarios were tested to determine the air temperature and humidity dynamic under different climatic conditions. An evaluation of the greenhouse environment was carried out employing an analysis of variance of temperature and RH to establish if there are significant differences in the direction of the slope of the cross-section. The uniformity of temperature and RH do not present stratifications derived from wind currents that can affect the effective production of these crops.

Read the complete research at

Rojas-Rishor, Adriana & Flores-Velazquez, Jorge & Villagran Munar, Edwin & Aguilar, Cruz. (2022). Valuation of Climate Performance of a Low-Tech Greenhouse in Costa Rica. Processes. 10. 693. 10.3390/pr10040693. 

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