Canada is in need of everything from agronomists, or experts in soil management and crop production, to veterinarians. Pre-COVID-19 studies showed that primary agriculture experienced a labor shortage of 63,000 positions in 2018. This gave it the highest job vacancy rate of any Canadian industry, at 5.4 per cent. The shortage has been predicted to increase to 123,000 by 2029.
Then, a recent Information and Communications Technology Council report suggested that agri-food and food-tech sector jobs are projected to grow to 683,000 by 2025 from 634,000 currently, because there’s a rising demand for food from an ever-increasing global population.
A comprehensive list of roles, their requirements and prerequisites in primary agriculture can be found on the Canadian Agricultural Human Resource Council’s website. It breaks down the laborer, manager and owner hierarchy in various sub-sectors, including aquaculture, poultry and eggs, cattle, field fruit and vegetables, as well as roles in greenhouses and nurseries.