According to the official data provided by the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries, and Sustainable Development of the Junta de Andalusia corresponding to the 2020 financial year, updated to June 2021, despite the continuous increase in production costs and the containment of prices at origin, the farmers from Almeria obtained the highest agricultural income in the entire Andalusian countryside.
According to estimates, Almeria farmers earned 2,887 million euro, i.e. almost 20% more than in the previous year, positioning Almeria as the province with the highest average income increase (i.e. what producers earn after discounting supply expenses, amortizations, and the taxes). In the province, more than 90% of the agricultural income is obtained through intensive agriculture in greenhouses.
Almeria's agricultural income in 2015 stood at 2,437 million euro. In 2017, the province achieved a record aggregate profit margin of 3,100 million euro.
According to estimates, in 2020 the Andalusian agricultural sector's production value stood at nearly 12,700 million euro. This is 1.6% higher than in 2019. According to the study, this increase is mainly due to the 1.6% increase in plant production, which amounted to 10,400 million euro.
The analysis carried out by the Ministry of Agriculture also observed there was a rise (3.7%) in the Agricultural Work Units (UTA) last year. The study confirms that the maintenance of the wealth of the Andalusian sector in 2020 has also been accompanied by an increase in agricultural employment.
The rise experienced in 2020 by vegetables (11.2%) and citrus fruits (55.2%) stands out, mainly due, in both cases, to the increase in prices during the first months of the pandemic.
However, there was a decrease in the subgroup of flowers (around 30% less) and ornamental plants, a sector that has suffered great losses due to the measures adopted in Spain to try to control the coronavirus.
Almeria is the province that has contributed the most resources to the total Andalusian agricultural income, accounting for 25% of it.