Spain is a world agricultural power and leader in the production and export of different products. This is thanks to the quality of its fields and the great number of varieties produced.
Oranges are the most exported fruit in Spain, with three million tons sold in international markets per year. A third of them are grown in the province of Valencia, and half in Andalusia, especially in Seville. Spain is the world's leading exporter of oranges, according to FAO, and the sixth largest producer.
Mandarins are the second most important fruit in terms of volume, with almost two million tons last year, according to official statistics from the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. Almost two thirds of them are exported. The largest production is in Valencia, where more than a third of the country's production is harvested.
Spain is also the world's leading exporter of peaches and nectarines, with the most noteworthy production being that of Lleida. Furthermore, it is the world's number one strawberry exporter, with the fruit produced almost entirely in the province of Huelva.
Melons dominate in the central parts of the Peninsula. Spain is also the world's main exporter and is in the top 10 in terms of production volume.
Spain is the world's second largest exporter of watermelons. Half of the production is grown in Almeria. It is also the world's second largest exporter of lemons, with more than half of them produced in Murcia.
In most of the northern and northwestern provinces, apples are the fruit with the largest production, although the crop ranks eighth nationwide. In global terms, Spain is not one of the top 20 producers, although it is one of the top exporters.
Tomatoes are the vegetable with the largest production in Spain, with more than five million tons last year. Most are grown in Andalusia, mainly in the provinces of Almeria and Seville, as well as in the Extremaduran province of Badajoz. Spain is the world's third most important tomato exporter and one of the top 10 producers.
In the north and northwest of the Peninsula, especially in Valladolid, Salamanca and Orense, potatoes are the most important crop, with Spain being one of the top 20 exporters. This applies also to onions, which are mostly grown in the central parts of the Peninsula, especially in Castile-La Mancha.
Although peppers, cucumbers, zucchini and broccoli are not dominant crops in any province, they are among the most cultivated vegetables in Spain as a whole, with them at the top in terms of production volume and, especially, world export. The same goes for lettuce, which is mostly cultivated in Murcia. Spain is the world's largest exporter of lettuce. It also stands out when it comes to the sale of carrots, which are mostly grown in Cádiz, and garlic, grown especially in Castile-La Mancha.