In 2018, compared to 2009, Moroccan pepper sales abroad increased by 167.17%, while the Turkish grew by 96.39%, the Spanish by 68.08%, and Dutch exports were reduced by 15.47%.
Dutch pepper exports were already exceeded in terms of volume by the Spanish in 2011, and in terms of value in 2013, with the gap widening year after year. However, the Netherlands obtains a greater value for its exports than Spain, specifically 51.88% more in 2018, since the Dutch sold their peppers abroad at an average price of 2.02 Euro/kilo, while Spain did not exceed the average price of 1.33 Euro / kilo.
Although the world's largest pepper exporter is Mexico, with 1,052 million kilos in 2018, it is not a competitor for Spain, because it exports almost its entire production to the United States. In terms of value, the world's largest exporter is Spain, well ahead of Mexico.
In 2018, the Spanish export of peppers stood at 775.4 million kilos worth 1,032.55 million Euro, with an average price of 1.33 Euro / kilo. In 2009, the country exported 461.33 million kilos worth 503.46 million Euro, with an average price of 1.09 Euro / kilo.
In 2018, Spain exported 269.3 million kilos of peppers to Germany, 109.66 million kilos to France, 77.04 to the Netherlands, 70.27 to the United Kingdom and 58.21 to Italy.
In 2018, the Netherlands exported 452.22 million kilos worth 914.59 million Euro, at an average price of 2.02 Euro / kilo. In 2009, Dutch sales abroad stood at 534.99 million kilos worth 696.85 million Euro and an average price of 1.3 Euro / kilo.
In 2018, the Netherlands shipped 138.17 million kilos of peppers to Germany, 105.38 kilos to the United Kingdom, 27.1 to Belgium, 22.23 to Sweden and 18.9 million kilos to the US market.
Last year, Morocco exported 151.03 million kilos worth 128.63 million Euro, with an average price of 0.85 Euro / kilo. In 2009, the total export was 56.53 million kilos worth 30.16 million Euro, with an average price of 0.53 Euro / kilo.
Its main customer in 2018 was Spain, with 56.65 million kilos, while 53.73 million kilos were sold to France, 14.82 million to Germany, 8.61 to Mauritania, 3.61 to Senegal and 3.13 to Russia.
In 2018, Turkey exported 127.2 million kilos of peppers worth 99.89 million Euro, with an average price of 0.79 Euro / kilo. In 2009, sales abroad amounted to 64.77 million kilos worth 43.75 million Euro, with an average price of 0.68 Euro / kilo.
Last year, Turkey shipped 26.66 million kilos to Germany, 19.24 to Romania, 15.69 to Bulgaria, 14.48 to Russia and 5.71 million kilos to the Netherlands.