Deep learning models to determine nutrient concentration in hydroponically grown lettuce cultivars

Deep learning (DL) and computer vision applications in precision agriculture have great potential to identify and classify plant and vegetation species. This study presents the applicability of DL modeling with computer vision techniques to analyze the nutrient levels of hydroponically grown four lettuce cultivars (Lactuca sativa L.), namely Black Seed, Flandria, Rex, and Tacitus.

Four different nutrient concentrations (0, 50, 200, 300 ppm nitrogen solutions) were prepared and utilized to grow these lettuce cultivars in the greenhouse. RGB images of lettuce leaves were captured. The results showed that the developed DL’s visual geometry group 16 (VGG16) and VGG19 architectures identified the nutrient levels of lettuces with 87.5 to 100% accuracy for four lettuce cultivars, respectively.

Convolution neural network models were also implemented to identify the nutrient levels of the studied lettuces for comparison purposes. The developed modeling techniques can be applied not only to collect real-time nutrient data from other lettuce-type cultivars grown in greenhouses but also in fields. Moreover, these modeling approaches can be applied for remote sensing purposes to various lettuce crops. To the best knowledge of the authors, this is a novel study applying the DL technique to determine the nutrient concentrations in lettuce cultivars.

Read the complete research at

Eshkabilov, Sulaymon & küçüktopcu, Erdem. (2021). Deep Learning Models to Determine Nutrient Concentration in Hydroponically Grown Lettuce Cultivars (Lactuca sativa L.). Sustainability. 14. 16. 10.3390/su14010416. 

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