- Production Manager
- Assistant Professor - Controlled Environments Entomologist
- Technical Development Specialist | Horticulture | France
- Director of Business Development | Middle East | Agtech
- Farm/Production Manager; Berlin (m/w/d)
- Trader Asian Market
- Avocado Growing Manager - Kenya
- Operations Accountant
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- Senior Breeder
Top 5 -yesterday
- What is the status of tomato brown rugose fruit virus in Europe?
- “Our ToBRFV-resistant variety has been preferred by our producers in wide areas since 2020"
- 2022 Year Overview: 10 stories on greenhouse expansion
- "Greek producers, who also purchase their plants from Spanish nurseries, have reported the same quality issue in strawberry plants as Spanish producers"
- New horticultural lighting technical requirements launched
Top 5 -last week
Top 5 -last month
- Zambia: "We produce 5,000 units of lettuce per week, per tunnel, year-round"
- UK growers stop planting and put nurseries on sale amidst energy crisis and labor shortage
- "You can't grow on water without lights"
- "High-tech farmer AppHarvest is running out of money"
- German family company switches from tomato cultivation to hydroponic lettuce
Adding heat to a greenhouse
by Amanda Williams
While designing a greenhouse with a heating system helps avoid refurbishing a structure later on, adding heat to an already existing greenhouse is not a difficult task, and there are a range of heating options within any budget and scale of operation. Properly calculating heating needs and choosing efficient products are two ways any grow operation can make a seamless transition into full-time growing.
Being able to heat a greenhouse is a huge benefit to any grower and is a tangible way to generate optimal gains. The first task at hand when adding a heating system, is calculating the area that is being heated to make sure the system you are adding is sufficient. Heating units vary regarding how much space they can heat effectively, so only supplying a greenhouse with 2 units when 4 are required can leave plants out in the cold and the farmer’s budget depleted. The measurement used to measure thermal units is BTU or British thermal unit. BTU is calculated using ideal temperature range, surface materials and structure size. Calculate insulated and non-insulated surface area, the up and over measurement of your greenhouse arc and check to see the heat loss value of different materials, like poly film or polycarbonate.
Another piece of information growers will want to consider, is how many degrees your system will have to rise in temperature during the coldest parts of the year. So, say the coldest it gets in your region is around zero degrees Fahrenheit, and you’d like your greenhouse to be at least 50 degrees warmer at all times, your temperature rise would be 50 degrees. Performing accurate calculations is one of the ways to ensure accuracy in a heating system, and calculations can be done by using one of the many online calculators.
Many design experts want to know what will be grown in the heated greenhouse, because different crops have different heat requirements during various phases of their life cycle. With thermostats and automated technology, growers who have a variety of crops can amend and tailor their system to their desired temperatures throughout the year. Many crops will thrive within a range of 65-75 degrees Fahrenheit, but growers should make sure to familiarize themselves with the specifications of the crops they are growing. If farmers are only growing basil all year long, higher temperatures are ideal in comparison to lettuce, which thrives in cooler environments. If all that is grown are greens, the greenhouse will never need to get as hot as if tomatoes are grown. Different crops will require different amounts of heat and energy for production, so choosing an energy efficient option can go a long way in your budget.
Advice for an energy-efficient system
Heating can use a lot of energy, making it a potentially costly addition during certain times of the year. Luckily, there are tons of energy-efficient options on the market today that can help create a more affordable system with a lower environmental footprint. GrowSpan Greenhouse Specialists have access to the latest in heating technology and just a few minutes spent speaking to a greenhouse specialist can make a project like this seem way more manageable.
One of the biggest issues amateurs face when designing a heating system is infiltration of outdoor air into the greenhouse, which leads to extra, uncalculated heat loss. Making sure plastic siding is secured can help create a more efficient system without heat leaks. Building orientation and how an environmental control system is set up is vital to achieving optimal efficiency. Depending on your building orientation, the natural arc of the sun can aid in heating more effectively. Properly insulating walls that are not adding sunlight to a grow operation can help lower the degree of heat loss, saving fuel. Also, considering the season and strength of the sun, growers might want to utilize supplemental lighting during shorter, darker days.
Placement of equipment is super important during a greenhouse facelift. To make the most of greenhouse ventilation and heating systems, fans should be placed thoughtfully in the greenhouse in order to push air in a circular motion. Having properly calibrated tools that are protected from poor readings is also a way growers can be sure their readings are accurate and their greenhouse system is responding accordingly. For example, temperature readers should be placed at crop level, but should be protected from direct light that may skew a reading. Add a well-protected thermostat that hooks up to an automated system so the greenhouse never gets above or below desirable temperatures.
Making sure equipment maintains accuracy is the key to a controlled environment, and while it may seem like there are a lot of pieces to maintain, the result is totally worth it. Think about adding a heating system to the greenhouse this fall, and when January comes around, you too can be farming in a T-shirt.
For more information:
GrowSpan Greenhouse Structures
1395 John Fitch Blvd
South Windsor, Connecticut 06074
Toll-free USA: (800) 476 9715
International: +1 860 528 9550
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Other news in this sector:
- 2022-12-02 Arboretum installs quarantine house and filtered rainwater system to further sustainability efforts
- 2022-11-30 US (WY): Enactus members construct greenhouse for Riverview residents
- 2022-11-29 Air raid shelter becomes underground farm in Clapham, south London
- 2022-11-28 Snacking trend leads to increased year-round production of mini cucumbers
- 2022-11-28 India: Krishnagiri growers are discovering the benefits of CEA
- 2022-11-28 US (AK): BIA awards T&H $2 million for greenhouse expansion project
- 2022-11-25 State media review: North Korea rewards greenhouse workers with new homes
- 2022-11-25 Influence of exogenous application of glycine betaine on strawberry
- 2022-11-23 How to install a double-layer inflated plastic
- 2022-11-22 UK: Heating system explodes on Essex farm, setting greenhouse on fire
- 2022-11-15 Maurice adopted ValkTwinRail ventilation system in its greenhouse in the Netherlands
- 2022-11-14 Texas A&M AgriLife seeks input on controlled environment agriculture
- 2022-11-11 Omaha restaurant uses greenhouse to grow their produce
- 2022-11-08 Philippines: Harnessing digitalization for smart agriculture
- 2022-11-04 US (KY): AppHarvest opens 30-acre indoor farm to grow strawberries and cucumbers
- 2022-11-04 Uzbekistan: Measures defined to support greenhouses
- 2022-11-04 "Urban greenhouses need to be intergrated with the urban environment"
- 2022-11-03 Canadian greenhouse season transitions into Mexico
- 2022-11-02 50 million USD geothermal greenhouse to be established in Kirsehir, Türkiye
- 2022-11-01 Banana growers from Hatay, Türkiye note that greenhouse production costs cause production decline