Businesses with cultivation of horticultural products in Baden-Wuerttemberg 2016, Image: Statistik BW
Horticulturally usable area includes a wide variety of plants and cultures which are distinct from agriculture in terms of intensity of cultivation. Horticulture is the cultivation of fruit trees, berries, vegetables, flowers, ornamental plants, medicinal plants, but also die cultivation of trees and bushes in nurseries or the cultivation of mushrooms. The largest contributors are the plantations of fruit trees such as apples, pears, cherries and other stone fruit varieties. Almost half of the overall area is designated to orchards of such. More than a third of the area (36%) is designated to vegetables on open fields - most importantly asparagus, salads, and strawberries. Almost similarly large and with a share of each five percent there are bush berries (currants, raspberries etc.) as well as the area for tree nurseries. The remaining five percent are made up by any other horticultural cultures. Parts of those are also the insignificantly small but valuable production areas protected from the weather: green houses and foil tunnels for vegetables, young plants and first and foremost flowers and ornamental plants.
Horticultural businesses with a focus on production in Baden-Wuerttemberg in 2016, according to business type, image: Statistik BW
If one divides the horticultural businesses with a focus on production according to business type, the distribution pattern is similar to the pattern of the usage, but not quite identical. This is due to the different value of the horticultural usages and the fact that one company can produce different goods. A good quarter of the businesses are therefore in the category of "Other", hence the category of businesses without one distinct specialisation. The most significant group, according to the numbers, are the fruit growing companies, with a share of 54%. Vegetable producing businesses (including strawberries) make up for 9% and flower and ornamental plant businesses have a share of 8%. Three percent of the horticultural businesses with a focus in production are tree nurseries.