Announcements

Job offersmore »





Tweeting Growers

Top 5 - yesterday

  • No news has been published yesterday.

Top 5 - last week

Top 5 - last month

Exchange ratesmore »




Pesticide risk reduction in Myanmar

The Dutch Embassy in Myanmar works in close cooperation with RVO (PSD Apps) to support sustainable agricultural production in Myanmar. They aim at reduction of risks of pesticide use through the development of a well-functioning pesticide registration system, and elimination of high-risk pesticides from the market. To achieve this goal, the Dutch Embassy together with RVO’s PSD Coach of Myanmar initiated this project, where Wageningen University & Research (WUR) cooperates with the Plant Protection Division (PPD) of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation (MoALI).

Together, WUR and the PPD developed a decision support system that enables registration authorities to make sound and transparent decisions on authorizing or rejecting pesticide products. The system has been designed in such a way that it can be tailored to the capacities of registration authorities in different countries. It consists of a flow chart and a format for an accompanying decision making summary. The flowchart includes elements like human health risk assessments, guidance based upon FAO/WHO criteria to identify highly hazardous pesticides (HHPs) and a fast-track evaluation procedure for low risk pesticides. In the project, the methods for the different elements in the flow chart were discussed and practised and, where necessary, adjusted to the requirements and/or capacity of the PPD. WUR initiated discussions at different governmental levels on requirements needed for implementing the developed decision support system. A major issue proved to be the huge number of applications for pesticide registration (~1000/year). This problem and possible solutions (including recommendations for adjusting the pesticide law) were discussed at the relevant governmental levels.


The flowchart, a guidance based upon FAO/WHO criteria

Involvement of high level government officials was additionally supported by the Dutch embassy by enabling a visit of a Myanmar delegation to the Netherlands. The visit facilitated the benchmarking of Dutch institutional settings and pesticide registration practices and its impacts against Myanmar institutional settings and practices. This proved to be very useful for acceptance of the developed decision support system and for putting into perspective several of the issues on institutional settings (e.g. the huge number of pesticide registration applications, financial structure of registration authorities).


PPD and WUR jointly conducted an evaluation of 3290 pesticides products in Myanmar by May 2017

Furthermore, the PPD and WUR, conducted an evaluation of all 3290 pesticide products registered in Myanmar by May 2017. The products were assessed using the guidance based upon FAO/WHO criteria to identify highly hazardous pesticides (HPPs). A total of 167 pesticide products were identified as HHPs (5% of the total number of registered products). Further review of this short-list of HHPs is needed, and will in particular assess i) the present use and future need for these pesticides, ii) available alternatives, both less hazardous pesticides as well as non-chemical control options (e.g. biological control, IPM) and iii) risks of the HHPs under the local conditions of use. Based on this assessment, the Myanmar government can decide on risk mitigation options for the HHPs, reducing their risks to acceptable levels. These may include the withdrawal of registration, restriction of their uses, or other risk reduction measures. It is expected that human health and environmental risks due to highly hazardous pesticides will be greatly reduced.

For more information:
WUR/Alterra
Mechteld ter Horst
T: +31 317481811
Mechteld.terhorst@wur.nl

RVO
Tien Hoang
T: + 31 06 2115 3726
tien.hoang@rvo.nl

Source: www.agroberichtenbuitenland.nl

Publication date: 1/23/2018

 


 

Other news in this sector:

5/24/2018 ‘Knowing & recognizing’ now available in 4 languages
5/24/2018 US (FL): Researchers may use fungi to control fusarium wilt
5/24/2018 Crop protection giants eye robotics
5/23/2018 Two greenhouses to study the pathogenicity of the Xylella fastidiosa
5/23/2018 Development of an integrated weed management strategy
5/23/2018 US (GA): Growers urged to combat pepper weevils
5/23/2018 Ghana: Scientists warn of tomato leafminer invasion
5/21/2018 Italy: Organic industry tomatoes growing
5/21/2018 New Zealand: Stronger biosecurity to protect primary sector
5/21/2018 "Nanoparticles could help rescue malnourished crops"
5/21/2018 UK: Major funding could get to the root of crop diseases
5/18/2018 New resource for biofungicide users available
5/18/2018 Canadian growers get new tool against Fusarium wilt
5/18/2018 Russia: Tomato moth found in Kuban region
5/17/2018 Crop protection investigation: "Health should be the priority"
5/17/2018 Denomination of a new official race of downy mildew in spinach
5/16/2018 UK: Improving knowledge and control of Downy Mildew
5/15/2018 Canada: Winter losses of Ontario bee colonies possibly worst on record
5/11/2018 New resource for biofungicide users available
5/9/2018 Evogene and Marrone Bio Innovations collaborate