New algorithms to estimate strawberry crop production

Currently, estimations of strawberry productivity are conducted manually, which is a laborious and subjective process. The use of more efficient and precise estimation methods would result in better crop management.

The objective of this study was to assess the performance of two regression algorithms-Linear Regression and Support Vector Machine—in estimating the average weight and number of fruits and the number of leaves on strawberry plants, using multispectral images obtained by a remotely piloted aircraft (RPA). The experiment, which was conducted in the experimental area of the Botany Laboratory at the Federal University of Uberlândia-Monte Carmelo Campus (Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Campus Monte Carmelo), was carried out using a randomized block design with six treatments and four replications. The treatments comprised six commercial strawberry varieties: San Andreas, Albion, PR, Festival, Oso Grande, and Guarani. Images were acquired on a weekly basis and then preprocessed to extract radiometric values for each plant in the experimental area. These values were then used to train the production prediction algorithms.

During the same period, data on the average fruit weight, number of fruits per plant, and number of leaves were collected. The total fruit weight in the field was 48.08 kg, while the linear regression (LR) and Support Vector Machine (SVM) estimates were 48.04 and 43.09 kg, respectively. The number of fruits obtained in the field was 4585, and the number estimated by LR and SVM algorithms was 4564 and 3863, respectively. The number of leaves obtained in the field was 10,366, and LR and SVM estimated 10,360 and 10,171, respectively. It was concluded that LR and SVM can estimate strawberry production and the number of fruits and leaves using multispectral unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) images. The LR algorithm was the most efficient in estimating production, with 99.91% accuracy for average fruit weight, 99.55% for the number of fruits, and 99.94% for the number of leaves. SVM exhibited 89.62% accuracy for average fruit weight, 84.26% for the number of fruits, and 98.12% for the number of leaves.

Oliveira, Larissa Silva de, Renata Castoldi, George Deroco Martins, and Matheus Henrique Medeiros. 2023. "Estimation of Strawberry Crop Productivity by Machine Learning Algorithms Using Data from Multispectral Images" Agronomy 13, no. 5: 1229. 


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