City dwellers have been growing fresh produce like fruits and vegetables in vacant lots, rooftops, and abandoned indoor spaces since the World War II era. During that period, millions of Americans practiced urban farming, which they called “victory gardens” in their backyards to produce additional fruits and vegetables.
The then-US government also introduced meatless and wheatless days to cut consumption to combat rising food prices during the war. These farms managed to produce 40% of the crops nationwide.
After the war, the food culture in the city and suburbs declined and was replaced by large monocultural factory farms which developed in the countryside.
In Europe, pre-war crop failures and previous dependence on imported food led to serious food shortages. Therefore, urban farming was adopted in order to feed Allied troops. Fast forward to current times, Covid-19 has raised the popularity of urban farming after it caused severe food supply issues due to the Movement Control Order (MCO)
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