Effects of silicon and salicylic acid on yield of greenhouse cucumbers

Plant nutrition management is known as an efficient strategy to control environmental constraints. This experiment was conducted in a climate control greenhouse with a hydroponic system. The high temperature (36 °C ± 1) was imposed on the pots after fruit formation. The studied factors were silicon in 2 concentrations (0 and 4 parts per thousand (ppt)) and salicylic acid in 3 concentrations (0, 0.5, and 1 mM).

They were sprayed on cucumber plants 3 times and under high-temperature conditions to evaluate if they can regulate and improve the yield and quality of cucumber fruit under high-temperature conditions or not. The results showed that all treatments significantly improved the nutritional status, total yield, and fruit quality (including marketable yield (i.e., fruits that can be sold due to their good shape) and nitrate content).

Under high-temperature conditions, foliar application of silicon had the highest effect on the increase of total yield and marketable fruit yield (respectively, 36.14% and 40.29% increase compared to the control treatment). Micro-nutrient concentrations in the leaf were significantly increased by Si, but a reverse status happened for salicylic acid. Under high temperatures, both treatments also significantly decreased the nitrate content of the fresh matter of fruit, but silicon was the superior treatment. Silicon and salicylic acid, respectively, had positive effects on the mitigation of adverse effects of high temperature on cucumber plants.

These findings suggest the use of these treatments under high-temperature conditions in greenhouse cucumber production. Graphical Abstract N–No3 content in dry matter of leaf (left) and fresh matter of fruit (right) affected by different treatments. *SaA0–SiA4: 4 ppt Si; SaA0.5–SiA0: 0.5 mM SA; SaA0.5–SiA4: 0.5 mM SA + 4 ppt Si; SaA1–SiA0: 1 mM SA; SaA1–SiA4: 1 mM SA + 4 ppt Si; control: without any SA and Si applications. Means in the same column followed by the same letter are not significantly different according to DMRT at (P ≤ 0.05)

Read the complete research at www.researchgate.net.

Basirat, Majid & Mousavi, Seyed. (2022). Effect of Foliar Application of Silicon and Salicylic Acid on Regulation of Yield and Nutritional Responses of Greenhouse Cucumber Under High Temperature. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation. 41. 10.1007/s00344-021-10562-5. 

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