Long-term vegetable production reduces the selenium adsorption in plastic shed soils

Long-term vegetable production in plastic shed soil (PSS) and related soil management strategies stimulate the changes of soil properties and the mobilization of selenium (Se), causing risks to environmental soil quality and human health. Nevertheless, whether the greenhouse management (defined by the years of greenhouse vegetable production) and the greenhouse type have a synergistic effect on Se mobility in PSSs subjected to long-term vegetable production is still unclear.

This study investigated the combined effects of greenhouse management and the properties of PSS on Se adsorption and desorption in soils collected from solar greenhouses (SG) and round arch plastic greenhouses (PG), which have been continuously cultivated for 20 and 30 years, respectively in Tongshan County, Jiangsu Province, East China. The research team carried out a field survey coupled with batch experiments to investigate the adsorption and desorption behavior of Se in the SG and PG soils with different years of vegetable production. Results showed that greenhouse management had differentiated effects on soil properties and Se mobility in the two typical PSSs.

Compared to the open field soils, long-term vegetable production generally increased soil nutrients (i.e., total P (TP), available P (AvP)), OM, and Se desorption in the SG soil, while it significantly decreased Se adsorption in both typical PSSs. The soil pH had a downward trend with the increase of the years of vegetable production. The more years greenhouse vegetable production took place, the less Se adsorption capacity occurred in PSSs with annual decrease rates of 0.48 and 0.24 mg kg−1 yr−1 for the SG and PG soil, respectively, at 1.0 mg L−1 Se addition.

Conversely, the ratio of Se desorption of the SG soils increased with longer vegetable production. The results of partial least squares regression (PLSR) explained the differences in Se adsorption and desorption between the SG and PG soil due to the changes in soil properties caused by the greenhouse management and greenhouse type. Less Se application is therefore recommended in SG soils than in the PG soils after long-term greenhouse vegetable production.

Read the complete research at www.researchgate.net.

Publication date:

Receive the daily newsletter in your email for free | Click here

Other news in this sector:

Sign up for our daily Newsletter and stay up to date with all the latest news!

Subscribe I am already a subscriber