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Turkey produces almost twice as much pepper as Spain, but sells them at half the price

In 2019, Turkey produced 2,625.67 million kilos of peppers on 92,089 hectares, worth €952.18 million (€0.36/kg) at origin, according to data prepared by Hortoinfo from the Statistical Office of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

That year, Spain produced 1,402.38 million kilos of peppers, which were grown on 21,430 hectares and were worth €1,091.98 million (€0.78/kg). According to this data, Turkey produced almost twice as much pepper as Spain, but its farmers charged half as much as the Spanish for each kilo.

However, according to data from the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF), that year, the Turkish peppers that reached the European Union generated 60 alerts for pesticide residues. The Spanish peppers did not generate any alerts because 100% of the Spanish production is carried out with biological control techniques to fight pests.

The Netherlands produced 375 million kilos in 1,500 hectares. The Dutch production had a value of €369.67 million and farmers were paid an average price of €0.99/kg.

According to the FAO, in 2019 Morocco produced 247.61 million kilos of peppers in 5,084 hectares. The Moroccan pepper production's value stood at €51.67 million and its average price at origin was €0.21/kg.

In 2019, Israel produced 171.34 million kilos in 2,634 hectares and had an average yield of 6.53 kilos per m2. Israel's production was worth €172 million and had an average price of €1/ kg.


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