Greenhouses in Kunming preserve 2,500 rare plants

More than 2,500 rare plants are on display at greenhouses in southwest China's city of Kunming, Yunnan Province. Known as the kingdom of plants, the greenhouses are a vivid showcase of how biodiversity has developed in China.

The Fuligong Greenhouses in China's Kunming Institute of Botany under the Chinese Academy of Sciences are one of the biodiversity demonstration areas for the 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15).

The Fuligong greenhouse was built in the Fuligong Palace during the reign of Wu Di in the Han Dynasty (202 BC–220 AD) to preserve exotic flowers and fruits from south China.

The Fuligong Greenhouses have been reconstructed to demonstrate the biodiversity and unique ecological landscapes. The main body of the Fuligong Greenhouses takes up an area of 4,200 m2, featuring tropical aquatic, tropical fruit, tropical rainforest, and tropical desert zones.

"We've opened an orchid hall and a lichen hall. There are more than 100 types of lichens and mosses [at lichen hall]. In the orchid hall, there are more than 300 types of orchids, mostly of the Dendrobium species," said Shan Zupeng, a staff member at the Kunming Botanical Garden of the Kunming Institute of Botany.

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