The production of vegetables is an important branch of Polish agriculture, and the share of vegetables in the value of the commodity agricultural production is about 11%. Poland is the largest EU producer of cabbage and beetroot. It is ranked second in the production of cucumbers (after Spain) and potatoes (after Germany) and third in the production of carrots (after Germany and the United Kingdom) and cauliflowers (after Spain and Italy). The nation is the fourth producer of tomatoes and the fifth producer of onions in the EU market.
In the years 2015–2020, the production of field vegetables in Poland ranged from 3.8 to 4.6 million tons. The largest share in the national harvest was that of cabbage, car-rots and onions. The lower share was that of: beetroot, tomatoes, cucumbers and cauliflowers.
The major customers of Polish vegetables are the European Union countries (in particular Germany, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands) and, as regards the non-EU countries – Ukraine and Belarus. Poland export mostly onions, tomatoes and cabbage.
Polish cabbage production in the years 2015–2020 was about 0.8–1.0 million tons, which accounted for about 27% of the EU production of this vegetable. Cabbage is mostly cultivated in the following voivodeships: Małopolskie, Mazowieckie, Łódzkie and Wielkopolskie.
The carrot acreage occupies about 22,000 ha, which ranks it second in terms of the cultivation area of field vegetables in the country (after onions). The harvest of carrot in the years 2015–2020 was within the range of 0.7–0.8 million tons. Poland remains the leading producer of carrot in the EU.
Onions occupy the first place in terms of the vegetable cultivation area. In the years 2015–2020, the cultivation area of onions was at the level of 25,000–27,000 ha. The harvest of onions amounted to 0.5–0.7 million tons, which gave Poland the position of the fifth producer in the EU (after the Netherlands, Spain, France and Germany), with the share of 9% in the EU production.