Each year EU member countries are buying fewer peppers from Spain and the Netherlands while purchasing more peppers from Morocco and Turkey. Based on the first half of the last three years and on data prepared by Hortoinfo from the statistical service Euroestacom, Spanish pepper sales in the EU have fallen by 34.62 million kilos (-8.77%) and the Dutch sales have decreased by 27.31 million kilos (-21.67%). Meanwhile, Moroccan pepper sales to the EU have increased by 12.67 million kilos (+ 16.3%) and Turkish sales have grown by 23.67 million kilos (+ 60.21%).
In the first half of 2021, Spain sold 360.23 million kilos of peppers in community territory, a lower volume than the 394.85 million kilos it sold in the same period of 2019. In the first half of this year, the Netherlands sold 98.69 million kilos of tomatoes in the EU, i.e. 27.31 million kilos less than the 126 million kilos it sold in the EU in 2019.
Morocco has been increasing its pepper exports to the EU year after year. In the last five years, its exports in the first six months of each year have increased constantly. In the first half of 2021, Morocco exported 90.39 million kilos of pepper to the EU. In the same period of 2019, it exported 77.72 million kilos.
Turkey has gone from exporting 39.31 million kilos in the first half of 2019 to 62.98 million kilos in the first six months of 2021. It should be noted that, in that period, Turkish peppers have generated 121 alerts for containing an excess of pesticide residues.
In the first six months of 2021, Member States purchased 725.38 million kilos of peppers, i.e. 5.3% or 40.61 million kilos less than the 765.99 million kilos they purchased in the same period of 2019.