To support farmers and improve the quality of crops production, designing smart greenhouses is becoming indispensable. In a recently published paper, a novel prototype for remote monitoring of a greenhouse is designed.
"The prototype allows creating an adequate artificial environment inside the greenhouse (e.g., water irrigation, ventilation, light intensity, and CO2 concentration). Thanks to the Internet of Things technique, the parameters controlled (air temperature, relative humidity, capacitive soil moisture, light intensity, and CO2 concentration) were measured and uploaded to a designed webpage using appropriate sensors with a low-cost Wi-Fi module (NodeMCU V3)," the researchers share.
"An Android mobile application was also developed using an A6 GSM module for notifying farmers (e.g., sending a warning message in case of any anomaly) regarding the state of the plants. A low-cost camera was used to collect and send images of the plants via the webpage for possible diseases identification and classification."
In this context, a deep learning convolutional neural network was developed and implemented into a Raspberry Pi 4. To supply the prototype, a small-scale photovoltaic system was built. The experimental results showed the feasibility and demonstrated the ability of the prototype to monitor and control the greenhouse remotely, as well as to identify the state of the plants. The designed smart prototype can offer real-time remote measuring and sensing services to farmers.
Mellit, Adel & Benghanem, Mohamed & Herrak, Omar & Messalaoui, Abdelaziz. (2021). Design of a Novel Remote Monitoring System for Smart Greenhouses Using the Internet of Things and Deep Convolutional Neural Networks. Energies. 14. 5045. 10.3390/en14165045.