The spectrum of light significantly influences the growth of plants cultivated in closed systems. Five lettuce cultivars with different leaf colors were grown under white light (W, 170 μmol m−2 s−1) and under white light with the addition of red (W + R) or blue light (W + B) (230 μmol m−2 s−1). The plants were grown until they reached the seedling phase (30 days).
Each cultivar reacted differently to the light spectrum applied. The red-leaved cultivar exhibited the strongest plasticity in response to the spectrum. The blue light stimulated the growth of the leaf surface in all the plants. The red light negatively influenced the length of leaves in the cultivars, but it positively affected their number in red and dark-green lettuce. It also increased the relative chlorophyll content and fresh weight gain in the cultivars containing anthocyanins. When the cultivars were grown under white light, they had longer leaves and a higher value of the leaf shape index.
The light-green cultivars had a greater fresh weight. Both the addition of blue and red light significantly increased the relative chlorophyll content in the dark-green cultivar. The spectrum enhanced with blue light had a positive influence on most of the parameters under analysis in butter lettuce cultivars. These cultivars were also characterized by the highest absorbance of blue light.
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Frąszczak, B.; Kula-Maximenko, M. The Preferences of Different Cultivars of Lettuce Seedlings (Lactuca sativa L.) for the Spectral Composition of Light. Agronomy 2021, 11, 1211. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11061211.