Over the last decade, development of broad-spectrum light emitting diodes has improved markedly (Olvera-Gonzalez, et. al., 2013). Their application in plant photobiology has begun to uncover how specific wavelengths affect photosynthesis and photomorphogenesis, and significant spectral and energy efficiency advantages over traditional commercial lighting technologies have been studied thoroughly (Kuleshova, et. al, 2018). This review provides a survey of peer-reviewed research that demonstrates promising support for the versatile use of LED technology in modern indoor/greenhouse facilities, reducing energy consumption and climate demands, as well as improving crop quality and yield.
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Durazzo, Benjamin. (2021). Contemporary applications of light-emitting diodes in horticulture: A review on LED lighting technology and the use of wavelength band and irradiance modulation to study plant photobiology. 10.13140/RG.2.2.17101.77282.