Providing quality nutritive food to millions of people by 2025 will be a major challenge for Uganda. Increasing population, decreasing land, water holding and global warming are some of the major impediments for agriculture, the backbone of the country. Various biotic and abiotic stress factors are threatening open field agricultural production systems throughout the world in varying degrees.
The soil fertility status has attained almost the saturation level in most parts of the country as the productivity is not rising proportionally with the amount of inputs. With the infertility challenges, scientists across the globe, including those in Uganda, have come up with a technology where farmers can grow a number of horticulture crops ranging from vegetables, fruits and flowers, among others in a greenhouse using hydroponics to substitute soil.
Papius Tumusingiize, an expert in agricultural convergence technology, is lead investigator of the technology involving growing of tomatoes in smart greenhouses using hydroponics. According to Tumusingiize, a smart hydroponics system involves self-monitoring analysis of the greenhouse farm using a computer which is connected to technological systems inside and outside the greenhouse.