According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO), the EU's tomato production in 2017 amounted to 18,058.38 million kilos, while the acreage stood at 270,053 hectares and the average yield was 6.69 kilos per square meter.
Italy and Spain together account for 7 out of every 10 tomatoes grown in the European Union. Italy is the biggest producer, with 99,750 hectares, 6,015.87 million kilos and an average yield of 6.03 kilos per square meter. Spain comes in second place, with 60,852 hectares, a production of 5,163.47 million kilos and a yield of 8.49 kilos per square meter.
Portugal is in third place. The tomato harvest in this country in 2017 amounted to 1,747.63 million kilos, grown on 20,873 hectares, with a yield of 8.37 kilos per square meter.
The Netherlands is in fourth place, with 910 million kilos of tomatoes grown on 1,790 hectares. The yield in the Netherlands stands at 50.84 kilos per square meter, which is 498.82% greater than in Spain, according to the FAO.
While tomatoes in southern European countries are often grown in the open ground, Dutch tomatoes are grown exclusively in greenhouses.