Russian university develops new fruit and vegetable varieties

The scientists of the Ural State Agricultural University will plant new vegetable hybrids in the renovated greenhouse complex of the university this year. From the results of 2017, 44 tomato and 17 cucumber hybrids have been selected as perspective varieties.

"This year we begin tomato and cucumber hybrids seed production. Currently we have some expertise, we have created our own hybrid fund, several varieties have already been included in the state registrar. We hope to be able to provide all the regional greenhouses with cucumber and tomato seeds from the Ural selection in the near future", mentioned the Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture and Land Utilization of the Ural State Agricultural University, Candidate of Sciences, Mr. Mikhail Karpukhin.

In 2018, new varieties of apple and pear trees will also be planted in order to expand the experimental fruitery that currently occupies 7 ha. In all, there are about 50 apple and pear trees in the experimental garden of the Ural State Agricultural University. Apart from being winter resistant, many varieties are resistant to various diseases, that is why they do not require treatment with pesticides. 

Apart from that, the scientists are working on breeding new varieties of beetroot, carrot, onion and other vegetables. The Ural State Agricultural University is working on the selection in cooperation with the selection and seed centre Ural potato and the Scientific Research Centre for the Agriculture. Moreover, the university continues studying and implementing ultra-early ripening grain varieties, fruit and berry crops, medicinal herbs, working on the technologies of crop enhancement and new fertilizers.

“We have invented a multi-component fertilizer, containing only the local mineral nutrition sources as well as poultry waste. It is unique in its prolonged effect: once it gets in the soil, the components bind with the soil and is effective for several years”, added Mr. Karpukhin.


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